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ex25 D2RP - Performative Hybridity

EX25 D2RP - Performative Hybridity

Tutors team

Tutors team: Henriette Bier, Sina Mostafavi, Ana Anton and Serban Bodea

Assistants: Marco Galli


The Performative Hybridity workshop explores hybridity that is emerging from the combination of multiple materials and systems with various performances. The focus is on developing:

A. Transportation-nodes and info-hubs connecting the water and land transportation networks for the Expo 2025.

B. These nodes are interactive portals interfacing water and land, city and world.

C. They operate as distributed water-bus/taxi landings with integrated real-time information and communication capabilities and perform on various levels from bus/taxi and rest stop incorporating cafeteria, business services, and Internet access to communication hub ensuring information exchange and dynamic crowd management.

In this context, performative hybridity will be explored at architectural, building component and material scale. At each scale hybridity will be explored with respect to employing multiple materials and systems that have various performances. Performances may address functional, formal, material aspects, etc., while changes in performativity requirements may be addressing, for instance, inside-outside transitions and may imply porosity change or some other material or immaterial transformation. Performance parameters (related to functional, structural, and/or environmental requirements) vary in time and are drivers for the design of passive, active, and interactive systems that are embedded in building components.

Design Brief

The aim of the workshop is to design a complete performative structure with various degrees of enclosure from semi- and completely open (75%) to enclosed (25%). The structure consists of materially informed and interactive components, whereas materially informed components are addressing requirements with respect to functional, structural, and thermal insulation performances and interactive components have embedded sensor-actuators. While sensors may count visitors, the Expo 2025 planning software may evaluate distribution, and may suggest strategic routes to avoid overcrowding, actuators may block or open windows, doors, i.e. portals, may provide information, etc.

The overall design will address ranges from enclosed to open in terms of continuous variation in porosity, while functionalities may require different types of EPS.


The workshop advances design-­to-­robotic-production (D2RP) methods developed by the RB team with the aim to explore performative hybridity at different scales, ranging from micro levels, as material systems, to macro levels as spatial and architectural configurations. The goal is to integrate materially informed and interactive systems into the D2RP process. This will be implemented by:

A. Designing a complete 1:1 architectural structure:

   a.  Size of structure: 8-12 m3 consisting of 8-10 components 
   (the lower components number is, the better);
   b.  Components  respond to structural i.e. topological optimisation and environmental requirements as 
   well as assembly/disassembly constraints;  
   c.  Functionality addresses requirements for transportation, information, and connectivity 
   (between water and land, local and global events and networks) that the Expo 2025 necessitates. 
   Notions such as transferium, hub, gate, portal, and landing are explored with respect to their 
   virtual and physical characteristics in order to develop an integrated D2RP and operation approach.

B. Implementing and advancing state of the art architectural robotics

C. Building upon already-accumulated D2RP experience:

   a.  Hybridity
   b.  Componentiality
   c.  Variation

D. Form 3 groups connected to fabrication geometry topology:

   a.  Topology
   b.  Assembly
   c.  Porosity


Week 1:

A. Design to robotic production strategy for building components

B. 1:1 prototypes of 2-3 building components for each group

C. Prototypes showcasing relevant concepts explored by each group (Topology, Assembly, Porosity)

D. Accurate documentation of physical prototypes and design to fabrication process developed in the workshop

Week 2:

A. D2RP strategy for Info Point: integration of Topology, Assembly and Porosity into one design

B. Detailed fabrication strategy of chosen fragment

C. 1:1 prototype consisting of 10-12 assembled building components of chosen fragment

D. Accurate documentation of physical prototypes and design to fabrication process developed in the workshop

E. Movie showing D2RP (2 Min.)

Group Dynamics

A. Dividing strategically students into 3 workgroups:

   a.  Each group will develop 2-3 components that address characteristics of individual projects.
   b.  Skills in D2RP and interactive systems will be distributed in such a way that each group has a
   D2RP expert from the previous MSc 2.

B. The 3 workgroups explore leading themes at 3 different scales:

   a.  Macro - Structure - Topology 
   b.  Messo - Component - Assembly 
   c.  Micro - Environment - Porosity 


Day Morning Afternoon Evening
Mon. 16th of Nov.
  • 10:00-12:00 Introduction / lecture
  • 13:00-16:00 Working session, groups brainstorm
  • 16:00-17:00 Introduction to Robotics
Tue. 17th of Nov.
  • 10:00-12:00 Working session and discussion with tutor teams
  • 13:00-15:00 presentation
  • discussion and development for 3 initial prototypes
Wed. 18th of Nov.
  • Design development
  • Tool path Generation for initial prototypes
  • initial calibration and test of robotic setup
Thu. 19th of Nov.
  • G1 initial prototype
  • G2 initial prototype
  • G3 initial prototype
Fri. 20th of Nov.
  • Critique session, midterm presentation by groups
  • Info point design
Sat. 21st of Nov.
  • Info point design development
Sun. 22nd of Nov.
  • Info point design development
Mon.23th of Nov.
  • Media studies Lecture
  • Finalizing the design
Tue. 24th of Nov.
  • Finalizing the chosen section Toolpath generation
  • Production
Wed. 25th of Nov.
  • Production, Lectures from 13:45 to 15:45
Thu. 26th of Nov.
  • Production
Fri. 27th of Nov.
  • Production/Assembly
  • Assembly
Sat. 28th of Nov.
  • Graphics and representation
Sun. 29th of Nov.
  • Graphics and representation
Mon.30th of Nov.
  • Presentation and critique